Friday, March 17, 2017

Microeconomics (2068Q4) What are the push and pull factors behind individual decision of poor Nepali worker's to go to foreign countries for employment?

Why Nepalese workers go for foreign employment? Reasons:

1.     Unemployment
2.     Poverty
3.     Political instability and conflict
4.     To pay back loans
5.     Desire to earn money
6.     To become self-reliant
7.     Desire to see new places
8.     To learn something new
9.     To fulfill family expectations

Pushing Factors

There are a lot of factors that compel the Nepalese workers to go foreign countries for employment. Some major pushing factors are as follows:-
1.     Wage rate / low pay
2.     Job availability / No guarantee
3.     Family expenses
4.     Favoritism
5.     Local agents

6. Insecurity
People who wants to work in home land they are suffering from insecurity of business and themselves too. Fearfulness of  demand of donation by political parties, unions and other groups has made difficult to work. The basic needs for work environment hasn't prepared by the government. So its insecure to work in homeland.

7. Political instability and conflict
The unstable political situation has made critical situation for work environment. Nepal Bandas, strikes by different parties, unions, groups has inversely effect the chances of employment in home country.

8. Poverty
9. Lack of basic foundations for working environment
10. Poor law and order
11. Lack of employment opportunities
12. To pay back loans
13. Desire to earn money
14. To become self-reliant
15. Desire to see new places
16. To learn something new
17. To fulfill family expectations

Pulling Factors

1.     Better employment opportunities
2.     Attractive salary
3.     Earning money
4.     Job guarantee
Information from partners working abroad

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